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Choosing a Major

Many students feel that choosing a major is  the most important decision they will make in college, especially because it can affect career choices after graduation.

This kind of pressure can make choosing a major a particularly stressful decision. However, not knowing what to study when first starting college is normal. Your early years are the perfect time to explore your interests and figure out what you love doing. In fact, “between 20% and 50% of college students enter their first year undecided about their major,” says David M. Tirpak, assistant director of career and employment counseling at Howard Community College in Columbia, Maryland. 

So don't worry if you're undecided - but do read on, and download our checklist for choosing a major.   

1. Test out majors by taking introductory courses in a variety of disciplines.

“Knowing whether a major seems like the right fit is as important as knowing that it is not,” says Helena Santos, the dean of advising and first year programs at Lasell College in Newton, Massachusetts. “Try a major on for size,” she says, by enrolling in an introductory course. It will likely count toward your general education or elective requirements even if you don't wind up majoring in that subject.

For example, if you’re “interested in business,” Perago says, “enroll in an introductory management or marketing course.” If it grabs your interest, consider taking more business classes or speaking with others in the major.

2. Reflect on your strengths, interests and values.

Thinking about what you like to do and what you care about can definitely help you choose a major.  “Learn who you are and what you love,” says Karen Evans, the assistant dean of experiential learning and director of career development at Albright College in Reading, Pennsylvania. To help you identify what you like, Evans advises asking your career center for self-assessment resources. She also recommends reflecting on your past experiences — jobs you’ve done, subjects you’ve loved studying already — to determine where your interests lie.

“Take time and think about what you are good at,” advises Stephanie Perago, coordinator of undeclared student advising at York College in York, Pennsylvania. “I always encourage students to determine their academic strengths, and then find a way to translate that ability into a career. Who wants to just punch a clock and earn a paycheck?” 

Taken together with your interests and strengths, your personal values and beliefs can help you choose a major. If you enjoy helping people, for example, you might consider the pre-med track or social work, although you can channel almost any major in a positive social direction. Business majors can focus on socially responsible business for example, and engineers can put their skills to work in developing life-saving technology.  

3. Remember that you, not your family, will need to succeed in your major. 

When choosing a major, Kate Lehman, assistant dean of student success at Otterbein University in Westerville, Ohio, stresses the importance of doing what you love. Some students choose to apply for “medical school or law school or even pursue business because their parents perceive that those majors [and] careers will guarantee jobs after graduation,” Lehman says. “The challenge is that no matter how much money is out there to be made in those fields, if you can’t complete the curriculum successfully or are miserable in those classes, you won’t be employable or happy.”

“When students major in subject areas that interest them and they feel passionate about, they are more like to engage fully with the material they are learning,” Santos says. She adds, “this development, more than the particular major, makes them marketable in a competitive workforce.”

Talk through these concerns with your advisor or career counselor, as they are often willing to help you find the right opportunities for your interests.

4. Check degree requirements.

Once you’ve narrowed your focus to a few majors, look into the degree requirements, syllabi and relevant courses for each, Tirpak advises. Are there any pre-requisite classes that you’ll need to take? Will you have enough time to complete these along with the major requirements your junior and senior years? “Assess your thoughts and feelings while reading [the requirements],” Tirpak says, and “use them as a guide that will direct you toward or away from an area of study.”

5. Ask for help from advisors and those who know you well.

While it is ultimately up to you to choose your academic path, your mentor, friends and professors could also be great allies. “Find teachers that inspire, motivate, and encourage you to work hard and be passionate about your academic experience,” says Timothy O’Donnell, the associate provost for academic engagement and student success and professor of communication at the University of Mary Washington in Fredericksburg, Virginia.

Once you’ve done some digging yourself, be sure to seek help from academic advisors and career counselors. They can help you create a roadmap for the remainder of your college years. Now that you’ve determined what your values and academic interests are, try working “with a career counselor to understands how the results of your [self-assessment] fit with various college majors and [career paths]” Tirpak says. 

6. Use elective credits to explore other interests.

Despite the pressure you may feel to choose the perfect major, you can always change career trajectories at any point. To expand your horizons, O’Donnell advises using “your elective credits wisely to customize your learning experience beyond the major requirements. Forge interdisciplinary connections across the curriculum because a major is really just a singular, disciplinary way of knowing the world, which, on its own, will inhibit, rather than expand your mind,” he says.

Make the most of your junior and senior years by exploring new subjects and activities, Santos adds. “Take a new class just for fun, attend a lecture, volunteer for a campus activity, go on that field trip, and don’t miss out on opportunities to try new things. Learn as much as you can about it and why it matters,” she says. “You will be different for having experienced it.”

Overall, remember that your major isn’t a “forever-type” decision, Evans adds. “More often than not, particularly for liberal arts college students, the path is never a straight line.”

Adapted from nerdwallet.com.